India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. India follows the dual polity system, i.e. a double government that consists of the central authority at the centre and states at the periphery.
Being the India largest democracy in the world, India has a huge number of people with rights and the maximum number of political parties, who are active in an elections campaign. Almost 600 million people voted in 1996 election and an average of 26 candidates competed for each of the 543 territorial constituency seats.