It is a fundamental right of every child in India to get an education, but in reality, not every child in this country is going to school to get an education. As per the 2011 census, the literacy rate of India was 74.04%, which means from 130 cr people around 90 cr people are literate and the remaining are illiterate. India is a country where education is considered as sacred. But in the present situation education is no more sacred; it has become a business full of corruption.
Bribes paid by parents to teachers to ensure good grades and examination results; bribes paid by teachers to public officials to get preferred posting and promotion; profiling of children based on parental educational qualifications, financial standing or social standing, embezzlement of funds allocated to purchase teaching materials or to build schools. Corruption in the education sector can also mean the bypassing of criteria in the approval of school establishment and accreditation, cronyism and nepotism in procurement and teacher appointments, resulting in “ghost teachers” or the selling of information on exams amongst others.
The UNESCO’s International Institute of Educational Planning study on corruption in education says that 25% of teacher absenteeism in India is among the highest in the world, second only after Uganda that has a higher rate, as per the Azad India Foundation report. Teacher absenteeism does not just affect the quality of education; it is also a huge drain on resources resulting in the wastage of 22.5% of education funds in India the study said.
Teachers focus more on private coaching rather than giving quality education in schools or colleges. They are offered huge moolah by private coaching centers and because of this, they don’t show interest in school. Some of them also give private tuitions to the students and as the exam comes near they provide question papers to those students who are taking coaching from them.
In Bihar, two of every five teachers were reported absent the figure in UP was reported to be one-third of the total teachers. However, in states like Gujarat and Kerala, the figure was lower than 15% of the report based on several small studies.
Apart from this many institutes are offering a fake degree to students without giving exams; there have been many instances which have been reported in media, where some agents can provide fake degrees to any person of any college. According to the Hindustan Times report, Swapnil Gaikwad, who claimed to be an agent of Key Education Consultancy in Navi Mumbai’s Koparkhairane, can provide you with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree backdated to 2016.
As per Gaikwad, he can provide degrees from two well-known universities – these include Yashwantrao Chavan University and Solapur University, both of which are approved by the University Grants Commission (UGC) and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).
Apart from a BA degree, you can also get engineering, LLB, and Ph.D. of different universities without giving any exam. The rate of each degree varies, for example, an LLB degree would cost Rs 2 lakh, while engineering can cost Rs 75 thousand.
Apart from fake degree donation also plays a pivotal role in corruption. Many engineering colleges, medical colleges ask a hefty donation to give admission. The recent example is the Vyapam scam. It was an entrance examination, admission, and recruitment scam that was unearthed in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh in 2013. It involved scamsters including politicians, senior and junior officials and businessmen systematically employing imposters to write papers manipulate exam hall seating arrangements and supply forged answer sheets by bribing officials. It can be called as one of the biggest corruption in education until now.
Even there is no need for the Entrance Test in India. But this is another way of getting money. This system has also started in India to a very large extent. Making money is very famous through entrance exams.
If we see how this is affecting our economic system then all the money which is collected is in black which means the government has no record of them. This unidentified black money is a huge loss for the Indian government as they could not tax it.